This bacterial infectious disease is very contagious. The number of illnesses and the age of the patients is strongly dependent on the vaccination rate. Accompanying pneumonia caused by other pathogens, seizures and brain involvement, which often leave permanent damage behind, are to be highlighted as complications of whooping cough.
The vaccination not only protects the infants themselves, but also ensures that the vaccinated children will no longer be able to endanger their siblings in infancy.
Vaccination: Dead vaccine, injection into the muscle.
The acellular vaccines used today contain only individual proteins and are significantly better tolerated than the vaccines used earlier, which consisted of whole killed bacteria. Many investigations prove their high effectiveness. Repeated vaccinations are necessary due to the limited duration of the vaccination protection.
Who should be vaccinated?
A basic immunisation of infants and young children at the earliest possible time, i.e. immediately after completion of the 2nd month of life, is urgently required.
Vaccinating older children who have not yet been vaccinated will not only protect them, but also younger children who have not yet been vaccinated. The same applies to adults who care for children. Close household contacts (parents, siblings, adults caring for children) without adequate immune protection (i.e. without previous whooping cough disease or without vaccination within the last 10 years) should therefore be vaccinated 4 weeks before the birth of a child.
Time of vaccination:
In infants from the age of 2 months: three vaccinations every four weeks and another fourth vaccination between the ages of 11 and 14 months. Booster vaccinations should be carried out after the age of 5 to 6 and after the age of 9 to 17. If the refresher is given with a vaccine that also contains a component against tetanus or diphtheria, the distance to the last vaccination against tetanus or diphtheria should be at least 5 years to avoid increased local reactions. However, earlier vaccination is possible at any time in individual cases with appropriate indication (birth of a sibling, pertussis contact).
Most frequent vaccination reactions:
Good tolerance, possibly redness or swelling at the vaccination site. Only rarely short lasting fever.