Varicella are spread all over the world. In Germany, approximately 700,000 diseases are thought to occur every year. Chickenpox is extremely contagious and it is a first infection with varicella zoster virus. Transmission takes place via virus-containing droplets, which are excreted when breathing or coughing.

Furthermore, transmission is possible through virus-containing vesicles or crusts as a smear infection. Infectivity begins 1 to 2 days before the appearance of skin symptoms and ends 7 days after the appearance of the last vesicles. The herpes zoster disease (shingles) is caused by a reactivation of an earlier chickenpox disease. It is less contagious though. Chickenpox diseases usually have a benign course in otherwise healthy persons and usually heal without scars.

Diseases in adulthood are richer in complications. In newborns and immunocompromised persons, the course of the disease is particularly severe.

Vaccination: Live vaccine, attenuated live virus, injection into the muscle. The vaccination can also be carried out as a combined vaccination against measles, mumps, rubella, varicella (MMRV).

Who should be vaccinated?

  • All children aged 11-14 months
  • Unvaccinated 9- to 17-year-olds who have not yet experienced chickenpox,
  • Seronegative women who wish to have children
  • Receptive patients with severe neurodermatitis,
  • Receptive patients in whom treatment weakening the immune system or organ transplants are planned,
  • Recipients with contact to risk groups.

„Empfänglich“ bedeutet: bisher keine Windpockenerkrankung, keine Impfung und bei Laborbestimmung keinen Nachweis spezifischer Antikörper.

Zeitpunkt der Impfung: Eine Einzelimpfung bei Kindern vor dem vollendeten 13. Lebensjahr; bei Kindern ab 13 Jahren, Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen zwei Impfungen im Abstand von mindestens 6 Wochen.
Bei Verwendung des 4-valenten Impfstoffes MMRV sind immer 2 Impfinjektionen notwendig.

Häufige Impfreaktionen Gelegentliche Rötung und Schwellung an der Impfstelle – eher bei Erwachsenen nach der zweiten Impfung, leichtes Fieber.
Gelegentlich kann es zu Symptomen einer leichten „Impfkrankheit“ (Fieber mit einem schwachen windpockenähnlichen Hautausschlag) kommen. Alle diese Erscheinungen sind nur vorübergehend.