In this viral disease, we know, in addition to “silent” and less severe disease courses, progressions, which are highly complicated and accompanied by severe paralysis and often mean permanent damage for those affected. There is no causal treatment of the disease.
Even the worldwide eradication of poliomyelitis has not yet been achieved. Travel to “not polio-free” regions or contact with people coming from such regions can lead to infection if there is no vaccination protection.
In contrast to the vaccine previously used in Germany, the vaccine now recommended does not contain any more pathogens, which are capable of reproduction. The former danger of paralysis after vaccination no longer exists.
Vaccination: dead vaccine, injection into the muscle
Who should get vaccinated?
Everyone should have a complete protection against polio. Travellers in regions with infection risks, medical staff in contact with sick people and, if necessary, laboratory staff should have their vaccination documentation checked and completed, if there is no vaccination protection.
Time of vaccination:
First vaccination after the second month of life. The number of vaccinations depends on the type of vaccine chosen (3 to 4). In order to minimise the number of injections, combination vaccines should be used where possible.
A booster vaccination is recommended for young people from age 9 to 17.
Most frequent vaccination reactions:
Reddening, swelling and slight pain at the vaccination site; rarely fever and headaches.