Measles is highly contagious. The measles virus infection regularly leaves behind a temporary weakening of the body’s defense system, during which other bacterial inflammations such as middle ear infections and diarrhea can occur.
Another complication is encephalitis, which up to now has a high mortality rate and defect healing rate.
A malignant inflammation of the brain, which occurs rarely, only years later is gradual and fatal. It is attributed to measles in infancy or childhood.
Vaccination: Live vaccine, attenuated live virus, injection into the muscle. Vaccination should be carried out as a combined vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR).
Who should be vaccinated?
- All children,
- unvaccinated or once vaccinated children, and unvaccinated persons, taking care of children with contact to persons suffering from measles (preferably within 3 days)
Time of vaccination:
First vaccination between the completed 11th and 14th month of life, preferably by the end of the 2nd year of life. Under certain circumstances, the first vaccination can also take place before the 12th month of life, but not before the 9th month of life.
If the first vaccination took place before the 12th month of life, the 2nd MMR vaccination must already take place at the beginning of the 2nd year of life. The 2nd MMR vaccination can already be carried out 4 weeks (= minimum distance) after the 1st vaccination. It should be carried out as early as possible.
Frequent vaccination reactions:
Generally good tolerance.
Fever and skin rash (vaccination measles) is possible. Their course is much easier compared to natural measles. Rare fever cramps.