The infectious agent of tetanus can be found everywhere. In all injuries, even after medical interventions (e.g. punctures, endoscopic interventions), the pathogens can penetrate the wound and multiply under special conditions.
They form a nerve poison, which then triggers severe symptoms of the disease (extremely painful muscle cramps). Even today, to a large extent, tetanus diseases are still fatal. Diseases caused by tetanus can be reliably prevented by appropriate vaccinations. The tetanus vaccination is not only one of the most important vaccinations in infancy and childhood, it is also indispensable for every adult.
Vaccination against tetanus should be given to infants, children and adolescents in combination with vaccination against diphtheria and whooping cough. In adults, the combination with the vaccination against diphtheria is usually recommended.
Inactivated vaccine, injection into the muscle
Who should be vaccinated?
Tetanus vaccination is necessary for everyone.
Time of vaccination:
In infancy from the age of 2 months. Three vaccinations at intervals of at least 4 weeks. The completion of the basic immunisation with the fourth vaccination after the 11th to 14th month of life. Fresh vaccinations should be carried out after the age of 5 to 6 and after the age of 9 to 17.
The distance to the first booster vaccination should not be shorter than 5 years. Further refreshment in adulthood is recommended at intervals of 10 years.
Most frequent vaccination reactions: Good tolerance. Rare redness, swelling and slight pain at the vaccination site. More rarely general reactions such as fever and headaches.