The bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) can cause a variety of diseases and was the most common pathogens of purulent meningitis (meningitis). until the introduction of vaccination. The main incidence of Hib meningitis is in the first two years of life, with infants more often affected by the sixth month of life.
Hib meningitis can cause severe disorders of then central nervous system (hearing or speech disorders, blindness, seizure disorders and severe mental retardation). It also has a high mortality rate. There is also fear of an inflammation of the larynx (Hib epiglottitis), the symptoms of which are initially reminiscent of a pseudo squat.
The peak incidence of Hib epiglottitis is between the ages of three to four.
Vaccination: dead vaccine, injection into the muscle
Who should get vaccinated? Above all, infants and toddlers particular are at risk. Therefore, it is strongly advised ,not to delay the onset of vaccination at an early age!
Time of vaccination: first vaccination in infancy after completed 2nd month of life; A total of 3 to 4 vaccinations, whereby the vaccination intervals should be at least 4 weeks.
A single Hib vaccination is sufficient after the 12th or 15th month of life
From the age of 5, a Hib vaccination is only useful in exceptional cases.
Most frequent vaccination reactions:
Very good tolerability, rare swelling or slight pain at the injection site or minor general reactions such as mild fever.